Fly Fishing

A Basic Guide for Fly Fishing

Casting a fly rod is not a simple trick. Instead, it’s a challenging art. You need patience to master it with lots of practice. You can make Fly Fishing easy on yourself if you learn the basics. With some basics and a lot of practice, you can cast with confidence.

The Basics

When you cast a regular fishing outfit, you need a weighted lure tied to the end of your line. Make sure its tightly wound around your reel. When you cast the weight of lure, you need to mix the forward momentum and pull your lift off reel.

Fly Fishing is different, as it don’t use weighted lures and sinkers. You need to use lightweight flies made with fur and feathers.

Bring the fly line, it’s preferable as its thin and level thank to thick PVC made with urethane coating. The energy from casting stroke travels via line and it’s a whip, which carries the fly.

Your Loop

When you cast the Stroke, the Fly Line trails behind Rod Tip, when it stops. The energy will move to line and it will continue to unroll in direction of rod tip. This forms the so-called loop. To master it, you need a lot of practice. While practicing, there are a number of things to look out for. You can start with the following:

  • Top of loop needs to unroll parallel to bottom. The whole cast needs to unroll parallel as compared to ground
  • Keep the loop narrow, nearly 2-3 feet among top and bottom
  • Make sure the loop unroll smoothly and straight right from the start to end. it leads the whole lead and leader stretching before hitting the water

Load Your Rod Properly

To make the perfect Fly Fishing cast, you need to load your rod with lots of energy. Your energy is released to the line.  The whole idea is very identical to bow and arrow. You need to bent the bow and the stored energy releases when you unbend the bow.

The same principle applies to fly rod. However, the energy load is achieved with smooth acceleration of motion to cast the stroke. 

Transfer of Your Energy

You have to transfer the loaded energy in your fly rod smoothly if you want a good cast. Every stroke demands a smooth and carefully built acceleration, which is then followed by a stop. This stop needs to be abrupt as it allows your rod to straighten up. Transfer the stored energy into line and send shoot it on your target.

Overhead Cast

This is the highly used Fly Fishing tactic. You will use it most of the time. in order to practice it, you will need complete outfit with a lot of space.

Divide your cast in two different parts. The Back cast and the forward cast. The back cast is important as it loads your rod with energy to form up the forward cast.

Back Cast

  • You need to stand with square shoulders and grip rod with your four fingers wrapped around handle. Place your thumb right on top and reel acing down. Now pull 25 feet of line off your reel and feed it out the tip of rod. Now you need to lay line perfectly straight and stand square the target with feet about shoulder width difference
  • You have to start with rod tip low and boost the rod up and backwards, all in a smooth motion
  • Stop the acceleration when the rod will pass a vertical position. The stop will be deliberate. You will need to stop for a second to let the line unroll and wait for better air behind you. when you extend the line, the back cast will be completed

Forward Cast

  • As the line will extend in air, you have to bring the rod forward in an easy and fast stroke.
  • Now stop it to let the energy to transfer in line and send it further
  • As the line unroll, lower rod tip and the line will roll out straight to fly out
  • You need to study the diagram of rod tip points while you cast, you need to stop when the rod tips high, past the vertical position
  • Also you need to keep your wrists straight and elbows close to body. you are going to use biceps and shoulders to make the cast
  • You have to make sure to pause while you take a break. This way you will unroll properly. You have to look backward while your practice and watch extended line
  • In addition, you need to start and end the cast with rod tip low and line straight. When you practice, complete a cast before making another, whatever you do, don’t rush a thing

Roll Cast

When there is no aerial back cast, make sure the line is drawn slowly backwards and its hung in slack loop. This is called D Loop off the tip of rod. It will create the weight needed to load rod for forward cast. When done perfectly, it shows up as the line is unrolling over water surface.

In order to practice it, you have to anchor the line in water and make a D Loop. Afterwards, you have to unroll properly. In addition, you need to start with 25 feet of line laid right in front of you with the rod tip pointed at surface of water.

Now slowly draw the rod up and back with enough force to drag the end of line and leader across surface of water. You have to stop the stroke with rod high, past the vertical. Slack the line and drop behind rod tip to make a D Loop.


Note: These guidelines will help you to master Fly Fishing. We have put create efforts and careful thoughts to ensure each and every aspect is added from straight right basics to the most advanced techniques to help you catch the big one. Still, if you think we have missed someone or you want to see some more, drop in the comments. 

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